Books authored by Professor Bruce Evans

This page lists the books authored by Professor Bruce Evans, with the most recent publications listed first.


Vision, Reading Difficulties, and Visual Stress, 2nd edition, 2022

Authored by Professors Arnold Wilkins and Bruce Evans.

·       Graphical user interface, text, application

Description automatically generatedExamines how vision disorders can be a factor in reading difficulties

·       Written in a clear and concise format for professionals across disciplines

·       Highlights how interventions can be applied in clinical and educational settings

This book provides an overview of the research surrounding the relevance of visual factors for those who struggle with reading. Visual interventions that have been advocated as helping with reading include spectacles that simply correct refractive errors (e.g., long-sightedness), coloured overlays (sheets placed on the page) and coloured lenses, vision therapy, and computer games. This book explains the rationale behind these interventions and discusses the evidence supporting them. Clear advice is given in plain English to those wondering if these interventions will be helpful.

Vision, Reading Difficulties, and Visual Stress, 2nd Edition draws together disparate research findings in a range of neurological disorders where vision is compromised by cortical hyperexcitability. Optometrists, orthoptists, ophthalmologists, educational psychologists, teachers, and vision scientists will find this book to be an interesting resource as well as students in these disciplines and parents of children who struggle with reading.



Pickwell’s Binocular Vision Anomalies, 6th edition, 2021

Graphical user interface, application

Description automatically generatedNow in a fully up-to-date 6th Edition, Pickwell's Binocular Vision Anomalies provides a practical introduction to binocular vision, offering comprehensive theory, how-to clinical guidance, and a summary of current research in a single, consolidated volume. Ideally suited for both students and clinicians, this bestselling text serves as an accessible, evidence-based reference when faced with binocular vision or pediatric challenges. A review in Optician magazine described this new edition as “An essential reference for all dealing with patients in primary and secondary care”.

·       Covers routine examinations and testing protocols, including CISS questionnaire, cover test, foveal suppression, fixation disparity, four prism diopter base out test, Lindblom's method, and double Maddox rod test. 

·       Includes numerous video clips of key testing procedures, including new clips on Mallett fixation disparity test and fusional reserve testing, as well as an interactive video quiz to help you test your knowledge. 

·       Features sweeping content updates such as the latest information on 3-D displays, therapeutic uses of computer games and virtual reality for vision therapy, computerized testing methodologies, binocular and accommodative mechanisms associated with myopia, updated prescribing criteria, therapeutic use of contact lenses, detection of pathology associated with strabismus, drugs causing diplopia, and the evidence-based treatment of convergence insufficiency syndrome and amblyopia. 

·       Contains helpful study features throughout, including Clinical Key Points boxes, step-by-step test routines, typical features of extraocular muscle palsies and syndromes, and Case Study boxes that cover important clinical and legal scenarios, and new boxes that summarize testing procedures for each of the main binocular vision tests. 

·       Enhanced eBook version included with purchase. Your enhanced eBook allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.




Vision and Reading Difficulties, 2010msotw9_temp0

This book is about visual problems that can make reading difficult for people who do not have eye diseases or low vision. The book is written for eyecare professionals: optometrists, orthoptists, opticians, and ophthalmologists. It is written with an emphasis on evidence-based approaches and references hundreds of relevant publications. The authors are Dr Peter Allen, Professor Bruce Evans, and Professor Arnold Wilkins.

The visual problems that are most often associated with reading difficulties are binocular instability, accommodative anomalies,  and a condition called visual stress (Meares-Irlen syndrome) in which text may appear to move and blur, resulting in eye-strain and headaches. These visual problems that can contribute to reading difficulties often become evident at school but can persist into adult life. The book describes a clinical protocol that can be used to identify and treat these conditions.

This book can be purchased here. 


Pickwell’s Binocular Vision Anomalies, 5th edition, 2007

msotw9_temp0Going from strength to strength, this best-selling book on binocular vision anomalies is now in its fifth edition. Maintaining its popular and practical ‘how-to’ approach, it has been thoroughly updated and expanded to provide an excellent practice reference for all optometrist, orthoptists, ophthalmologists and dispensing opticians.

Now with an easy-to-use 2-colour layout and redrawn diagrams the new edition is more accessible than ever. Covering the latest evidence-based research it provides an emphasis on the clinical applications for every eyecare practitioner.

The accompanying CD-ROM includes video-clips of commonly encountered incomitant deviations and an interactive video quiz.

A review by Paula Waddingham in Eye News (Oct-Nov 2008) gave a rating of 5/5 and said ‘The visual presentation of the book is excellent’, ‘This book comprehensively covers all aspects of managing binocular vision anomalies’, and concludes ‘Those who already own one of the previous editions would find this fifth version useful, specifically because of the updated references of evidence-based research. This book is priced at Ł52.99 and represents good value for money for a binocular vision text book’.  The book can be purchased from





Pickwell’s Binocular Vision Anomalies, 4th edition, 2002

BVA4E coverThe previous editions of this book established it as a standard text on binocular vision anomalies.  It was popular with students and practitioners because of the 'how-to-do-it' approach, which kept the theory of binocular vision to the minimum necessary to understand the investigative and therapeutic procedures. The fourth edition retains these features, as well as a great many enhancements.

Completely updated and revised, this new edition of Pickwell's classic text has been greatly expanded to form an authoritative reference work on binocular vision anomalies. All diagrams have been replaced and upgraded and there are now extensive appendices containing clinical worksheets and flow charts to aid clinical practice and tips for examination students. The clinical approach, together with comprehensive theory that links into to practice, this 4th Edition is a unique reference for all optometrists, dispensing opticians, ophthalmologists and orthoptists. 




Dyslexia and Vision (2001)

msotw9_temp0Dyslexia and Vision summarises the main visual factors that have been claimed to be associated with dyslexia and examines the evidence relating to these claims. An “evidence-based approach” is used to reveal which visual factors are associated with dyslexia.

Dyslexia and Vision is written for people who do not have an expert knowledge of eyes and vision, primarily for teachers, educational psychologists, and paediatricians. For the more technically minded, appendices are included which list the scientific publications supporting the statements made in the body of the book.

A review by Dr Simon Barnard in Optician noted “This paperback book has been written by the UK’s foremost expert in the area of visual correlates of dyslexia” and concluded “This book should be in every optometric practice and recommended to any parent who wants to read about the subject. Further, I would recommend this book to all optometry students”. Dr Eric Borsting in a review in Optometry and Vision Science stated “Dr Evans has pulled together a large body of research on vision and dyslexia into a text that can be read by a variety of professionals”. David Harris, writing in Optometry Today, said “With its broad spectrum of subjects, very readable but still academic approach and lists of case reports, there is something for everybody in this book”.


Binocular Vision and Orthoptics (2001)

BV & O coverCo-authored by Bruce Evans and Sandip Doshi and published in 2001 by Butterworth-Heinemann. The book is a multi-author compilation, with 16 chapters by several authors. Professor Evans contributed seven chapters. A review by Dr Alison Finlay in The Optician said “it makes an excellent text for the practising optometrist wanting to establish an interest in the area”.

A review by Prof Andy Toole in Optometry and Vision Science stated “I believe that optometrists wishing to expand their treatment of binocular vision cases would benefit from reading this book. I also enjoyed the different perspective that I obtained on diagnosis and treatment, and would recommend Binocular Vision and Orthoptics to experienced binocular vision optometrists looking for the same”.

The book costs Ł40.99 and can be bought from the publishers at Butterworth-Heinemann optometry titles




Pickwell’s Binocular Vision Anomalies, 3rd edition, 1997

BV 3E coverThe previous editions of this book established it as a standard text on binocular vision anomalies. The third edition retains these features and the same clarity and concise, yet comprehensive, coverage of the subject. However, to take account of recent research and clinical findings the text itself has been extensively revised. A further important addition is a comprehensive glossary of orthoptic terminology. This will provide much needed information and will be particularly useful for students and for those revising for examinations. A review by Dr Debra Currie in Optometry and Vision Science said “Easy to read, it provides a well rounded introduction to clinical binocular vision with many useful “clinical pearls”.